By Clayton R. Newell
An exam of a tremendous crusade among those generals that set the scene for the pending struggle.
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Additional resources for Lee vs. McClellan: The First Campaign
Newspapers later dubbed the affair the “Philippi Races” and observers at the scene defined it as a shirt-tail retreat with Confederates skedaddling “pell-mell” and “helter-skelter” out of city. Correspondent Whitelaw Reid of the Cincinnati Gazette, an eye fixed witness touring with the Ohio military, wrote of “cannon balls crashing into their huts and stirring out the rebels like a stick right into a hornet’s nest. ”17 It used to be complicated, as conflict often is. At one aspect throughout the melee, Porterfield, considering he famous one among his businesses, the Hardy Blues (so named for the colour in their uniforms; grey was once now not but usual for accomplice uniforms), maintaining the east aspect of the lined bridge over the Tygart’s Valley River, rode towards them until eventually one in every of his officials mentioned that they have been marching less than the celebs and stripes. At that juncture, Porterfield grew to become and rode slowly out of city to prevent attracting cognizance and being famous. He and of his officials have been the final of the command to depart city. Porterfield attempted to rally his forces on the giant Rock, yet after they have been at the street south not anything used to be going to forestall them. even though the accomplice withdrawal were expected, the crashing shock of the Federal artillery brought on the hot troops to panic and go away in the back of a large amount of guns, ammunition, commissary provides, wagons, horses, clinical shops, and camp apparatus of every type that they can ailing have the funds for to lose. The Upshur Grays, who had packed the evening prior to, used to be the one corporation to get out with its luggage quite intact, with the exception of its white tents. Their younger commander, Higginbotham, fascinated about the rain and the welfare of his males, had prepared for all of them to spend the evening on the domestic of Mr. and Mrs. Shaw, yet they left their rainy, white tents arrange, the place they served properly as Lander’s aiming aspect and went down within the first cannon volley. 18 nearly all the Confederates made it to Huttonsville, forty-five miles from Philippi, via June four, yet there have been a number of casualties and prisoners. Lieutenant Colonel William J. Willey of the Virginia armed forces, left at the back of with typhoid fever, was once a harbinger of items to return. earlier than the crusade used to be over, either side might lose extra males to disease than to antagonistic fireplace. one other accomplice casualty, inner most James E. Hanger, eighteen years outdated, of the Churchville Cavalry have been hit by means of a six-pound sturdy shot through the Federal cannonade. He remembered that the ball hit the floor, ricocheted, and struck him within the leg, leaving him not able to affix his fellows within the retreat. general practitioner James D. Robison of the 16th Ohio amputated Hanger’s leg seven inches lower than the hip, and Hanger hence grew to become the 1st amputee of the Civil conflict. in the course of his preliminary restoration at Cherry Hill farm close to Philippi on the domestic of Thomas Hite, Hanger shaped a wood leg to switch the single he had misplaced. After a prisoner of battle trade in August 1861, Hanger spent the remainder of the struggle making man made legs for different accomplice amputees in Richmond, and after the struggle the Virginia kingdom legislature commissioned him to cause them to for veterans.