By Elliott Johnson, Daniel Gray
The moment variation of the Historical Dictionary of Marxism covers of the fundamentals of Karl Marx’s concept, the philosophical contributions of later Marxist theorists, and the large real-world political agencies and constructions his paintings inspired—that is, the myriad political events, agencies, international locations, and leaders who subscribed to Marxism as a creed.
This textual content features a chronology, an introductory essay, and an in depth bibliography. The dictionary part has over 500 cross-referenced entries on vital personalities, either thinkers and doers; political events and routine; and significant communist or ex-communist international locations. This ebook is a wonderful entry aspect for college students, researchers, and someone eager to be aware of extra approximately Marxism.
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Additional info for Historical Dictionary of Marxism (Historical Dictionaries of Religions, Philosophies, and Movements Series)
Regardless of Trotskyite sympathies Deutscher didn't recommend the Trostkyite Fourth foreign, and regardless of vehement feedback of Stalinism he didn't condemn the Soviet Union totally, as an alternative acknowledging what he observed as its achievements and describing the 1917 Russian Revolution as an unfinished revolution. between his many works are: Stalin: A Political Biography (1949); his 3 volumes on Trotsky, The Prophet Armed: Trotsky 1879–1921 (1954), The Prophet Unarmed: Trotsky 1921–1929 (1959), and The Prophet Outcast: Trotsky 1929–1940 (1963); and the incomplete Revolution: Russia 1917–1967 (1967). DIALECTICAL MATERIALISM. Representing the impact of Friedrich Engels and specifically his ebook Anti-Dühring (1878), dialectical materialism turned the dominant Marxist philosophy within the moment overseas and respectable ideology within the Soviet Union. A time period most likely first utilized by Georgii Plekhanov, dialectical materialism mixed the dialectical strategy of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel with philosophical materialism. The materialist point of dialectical materialism is composed within the tenets that: the fabric global exists independently of our conception of it or of any concept, brain or spirit; the cloth international is uncomplicated or has primacy over the 06-395_02_A-K. qxd 9/19/06 1:45 PM web page 87 DIALECTICS • 87 perfect, psychological or non secular global; and the only real fact is the wildlife. The dialectical element is contained in Engels’ 3 legislation and will be summed up as announcing that the realm is characterised via consistent swap, together with innovative swap, and via the presence of contradictory trends and entities that force ahead the alterations. As a philosophy dialectical materialism, or “diamat” because it used to be referred to as for brief, tended to the dogmatic and to be either reductionist and deterministic suggesting a mono–causal method of realizing society and the realm. With the final ossification of philosophy within the Soviet Union from Josef Stalin onwards, dialectical materialism did not boost and located little want somewhere else. See additionally DIALECTICS. DIALECTICS. Marxists are divided at the factor of dialectics and the query of the level to which Karl Marx embraced the speculation of dialectics. Dialectics (or the dialectic, or dialectical philosophy) is a philosophical strategy the roots of which might be traced again to the traditional Greeks—Socrates, Plato, Aristotle. Of extra direct impact on Marx, even though, was once the philosophy of Georgii Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, which had dialectics at its middle. in line with the dialectical process, truth is characterised by way of 3 key positive aspects: swap, contradiction and connection. All fact is in a kingdom of flux, not anything is static; all fact includes and is pushed ahead by means of inner contradictions; and all fact is interconnected, not anything exists in isolation. Hegel dependent his philosophical approach on dialectics, his philosophy of background and his political philosophy, for instance, being truly established to include the notions of switch, contradiction and connection.